how to do Harvard referencing

How to do Harvard Referencing | Referencing Help | Homework Solutions

There are various writing styles that students use in their assignments. Among them, is the Harvard writing style. Harvard style is one of the common writing styles that writers, students, and researchers use in their essays and papers. However, it’s not as common as the APA or MLA writing style. Nevertheless, this writing style also looks to enhance the uniformity of how work is presented to the instructors.

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Contrary to the opinions of most students who are seeking referencing help, Harvard style is the easiest to understand. The key is simply understanding how to Harvard referencing. For those facing obstacles and do not understand how to do Harvard referencing, My Homework Writers is here to offer you ideal referencing help. Not only do we make you understand how to do Harvard referencing in an easy and straightforward manner, but we also ensure that you acquire additional referencing help you might require.

 

What is Referencing?

It is common to find majority of the students online trying to find the answer to; what is referencing? After all, practically all their assignments contain the word referencing. Instructors often indicate in their assignments that students should use a particular referencing style. However, without understanding the definition of a reference, it becomes quite hard. My Homework Writers acknowledges that referencing is a method used by writers to acknowledge the work they have used to conduct a thorough literature search and reading. This means that you are giving credit to the ideas and materials that belong to another author. When referencing, you have to indicate all the sources of information that you used when developing your writing. Having understood what referencing is, My Homework Writers will now proceed to teach you how to do Harvard referencing. It is quite easy to understand and apply.

Reasons for Referencing

To begin with, referencing is very crucial to the reader because it helps them understand how you conducted your research. More so, accurate referencing will enable the reader to trace the sources of information you used, just in need they need to gain more details, or simply just to give you credit for the quality research you have conducted. Referencing is also very pivotal because it helps eliminate any chances of plagiarism in your paper. Besides that, it enables the writers to enhance the presentation of their work. This is due to the fact that the content generated is from appropriate academic reading and research. For more referencing help, contact My Homework Writers. We will provide you with a step by step guideline of how to do Harvard referencing. In addition to that, we will also grant you more homework solutions on why writing references is important.

 

Harvard Referencing

The Harvard writing style is quite easy to understand and apply as mentioned earlier. All a student is required to do to know how to do Harvard referencing is to be keen. This is because the Harvard style has a lot of fine details which can easily be ignored by students writing in a rush. For example, a student without the knowledge of how to do Harvard referencing might indicate a comma between the author’s name and the year of publication in their in-text citations. Not only students who do not know how to do Harvard referencing, but also those who know how to, but tend to write the citations in a rush. Due to that particular reason, My Homework Writers will teach how to do Harvard referencing in a slow and steady manner. We guarantee you exceptional homework solutions.

 

What is a Citation?

When you use the ideas of another author in your essay, you have to indicate the owner of the work in your paper. This acknowledgment is what we refer to as a citation. Other referencing help websites also refer a citation as an in-text citation. A citation is very easy to insert. All that is required of you when inserting a citation in Harvard style is three basic factors. They include;

  • The author or editor of the work you have cited.
  • The Publication year of the cited work.
  • The page number(s) of the work you have cited.how to do Harvard referencing

For more homework solutions on citation writing, feel free to contact My Homework Writers. We offer homework solutions that match your expectations.

 

In-Text Citations in Harvard Style

Besides most students struggling on how to do Harvard referencing, most of them also require referencing help on how to insert in-text citations. In-text citations are very important in any piece of writing because they give credit to the work of another author that you are using to base your arguments and counterarguments. My Homework Writers is glad to offer homework solutions on how you should insert the in-text citations in Harvard style. Our homework solutions are quite straightforward. Here is the guideline;

 

The Format for One Author:

(Author’s Surname Year)

 

For Example:

Most dentists recommend that you brush your teeth before going to bed (Anderson 2015).

Or

Anderson (2015) claims that most dentists urge people to brush their teeth before they go to bed.

 

The Format for Two Authors:

(Author 1 Surname & Author 2 Surname Year)

 

For Example:

Some students have a passion for writing (Ironicous & Sarcastish 2016).

Or

According to Ironicous and Sarcastish (2016), a few of the students have a passion for writing.

 

The Format for Three Authors:

(Author 1 Surname, Author 2 Surname & Author 3 Surname Year)

 

For Example:

There are no hard surfaces in gas giants (Peachy, Fluffy & Cozy 2014).

Or

Peachy, Fluffy, and Cozy (2014) argue that gas giants have no hard surfaces.

 

The Format for Four or More Authors:

(Author 1 et al. Year)

how to do Harvard referencing

For Example:

Physically punishing children is perceived as one of the most harmful practices in society ( Kickbutt et al. 2016).

Or

Kickbutt et al. (2016) state that one of the most harmful practices in society is that of physically punishing children.

 

Point to Note During In-Text Citations

Before understanding how to do Harvard referencing, here are some points to note during in-text citations. Understanding these rules will help ease how fast you know how to do Harvard referencing.

  • There is NO comma between the name of the author and the year
  • It is also very important to include the page numbers in your in-text citations, especially if you are instructed to do so.

 

General Rules to Know before Learning How to do the Harvard Referencing

  • The Title of the Page-The reference list page should always have a heading. The heading should be ‘References’ It should be center aligned and not capitalized.
  • Alphabetical Order-Your Harvard reference list should be alphabetized according to the first letter of the first word of each entry. Usually, the surnames are used in the Harvard reference list. Therefore, ensure that the first letters of these surnames are arranged in ascending order.
  • Placement of the References-When learning how to Harvard referencing, you will notice that each bibliographical entry begins on a new line. Therefore, do not write your references as a paragraph. More so, maintain double-spacing throughout your reference list.
  • Capitalization-Capitalize only the first letter of the titles in books, book chapters, web articles, and other documents. However, when referencing scientific journals or newspapers, capitalize all the main words of their titles.

 

How to Write the Reference List in Harvard Style

For those who do not know how to do Harvard referencing, My Homework Writers is offering you the referencing help you need in this sector. It is very easy to cite various documents in Harvard referencing style. Here is how to go about it;

how to do Harvard referencing

  • Citing a Book

Books are the most common source materials used by students to conduct their research. Therefore, if you want to know how to do Harvard referencing, you must acquire referencing help on how to cite a book. My Homework writers will teach you how to cite a book. In addition to that, we will teach you how to do Harvard referencing.

 

The Format of a Book with One Author:

Last Name, Initials., Year of Publication, Title of the book: subtitle of the book, if any, Publishing House, City, State Abbreviation or Country.

 

For Example:

Sheedy, M., 2013. Core Themes In Social Work: Power, Poverty, Politics, And Values: Power, Poverty, Politics, and Values. McGraw-Hill Education (UK).

 

The Format of a Book with Two Authors:

Author 1 Last Name, Initials & Author 2 Last Name, Initials., Year of Publication, Title of the book: the subtitle of the book, if any, Publishing House, City, State Abbreviation or Country.

 

For Example:

Ndemo, B. and Weiss, T. eds., 2016. Digital Kenya: An entrepreneurial revolution in the making. Springer.

 

The Format of a Book with Three Authors:

Author 1 Last Name, Initials., Author 2 Last Name, Initials.,  and Author 3 Last Name, Initials., Year of Publication, Title of the book: subtitle of the book, if any, Publishing House, City, State Abbreviation or Country

 

For Example:

Hill, C.W., Jones, G.R. and Schilling, M.A., 2014. Strategic management: theory: an integrated approach. Cengage Learning.

 

The Format of a Book More than or Four Authors:

Author 1 Last Name et al., Year of Publication, Title of the book: the subtitle of the book, if any, Publishing House, City, State Abbreviation or Country

 

For Example:

Four Authors

Evans, J., Grimshaw, P., Phillips, D. and Swain, S., 2010. Equal subjects, unequal rights: Indigenous people in British settler colonies, 1830-1910. Manchester University Press.

 

More than Four Authors

Dresch, A.et al., 2014. Design science research: A method for science and technology advancement. Springer.

 

  • An Edited Book

Besides teaching how to do Harvard referencing, My Homework writers will also teach on how to cite an edited book.

how to do Harvard referencing

The Format for a Book with One Editor:

Last Name, Initials., (ed) Year of Publication, Title of the book: subtitle of the book, if any, Publishing House, City, State Abbreviation or Country.

 

For Example:

López-Carresi, A., Fordham, M., Wisner, B., Kelman, I., & Gaillard, J.C., (eds) 2014, Disaster management: international lessons in risk reduction, response and recovery, Routledge, New York, NY.

 

The Format for a Book with More than One Editor:

Last Name, Initials., (eds) Year of Publication, Title of the book: subtitle of the book, if any, Publishing House, City, State Abbreviation or Country.

 

For Example:

Dresch, A., Lacerda, D.P. and Antunes Jr, J.A.V., (eds) 2014. Design science research: A method for science and technology advancement. Springer.
Note: if there is only one editor, use (ed.) after the name. If there are multiple editors, use (eds) after their names.

 

  • Citing an Online/Electronic Journal Article

Most students have difficulties trying to learn how to do the Harvard referencing. It is even more difficult for them to cite online journal articles, despite them highly using them to draw their research. Hence, My Homework Writers is providing the ideal guideline of how to do Harvard referencing. Besides that, it is also giving the format of how to cite an online journal article.

 

Format:

Last Name of the Author, Initials for Other Names. (Year of publication).Title of the journal article. Title of journal (this should be in italics). [Online] Volume  number Issue number Page numbers of the article (do not use ‘p’. before the page numbers) Available from: URL or DOI[Date of access]

 

For Example:

Wang, F., Maidment, G., Missenden, J. & Tozer, R. (2007) The novel use of phase change materials in refrigeration plant. Part 1: Experimental investigation. Applied Thermal Engineering. [Online] 27 (17-18), 2893-2901. Available from: doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2005.06.011 [Accessed 15th July 2008].

 

  • Citing a Print Journal Article

Besides learning how to do Harvard referencing, My Homework Writers will also offer you referencing help on how to cite a print journal article.

how to do Harvard referencing

Format:

Last Name of the Author, Initials for Other Names.  (Year of publication) Title of the journal article. Title of journal (this should be in italics) Volume number, Issue number,  Page numbers of the article(do not use ‘p’. before the page numbers).

 

For Example:

Chhibber, P. K. & Majumdar, S. K. (1999) Foreign ownership and profitability: Property rights, control, and the performance of firms in Indian industry. Journal of Law & Economics, 42 (1), 209-238.

 

  • Citing a Website or a Web-page

To understand how to do Harvard referencing, you have to acquire referencing help on how to cite a website. This is because websites are greatly used as sources of information by researchers. My Homework Writers recommend this format:

 

Format:

Author/ Editor (use the corporate author if no individual author or editor is named)

(Year of publication) (if available; if there is no date, use the abbreviation n.d.) Title (this should be in italics) [Online] Available from: URL [Date of access].

 

For Example:

Simons, N. E., Menzies, B. & Matthews, M. (2001) A Short Course in Soil and Rock Slope Engineering. [Online] London, Thomas Telford Publishing. Available from: http://www.myilibrary.com?ID=93941 [Accessed 18th June 200].

 

  • Citing a Lecture or an Oral Presentation

Lectures and presentations are also valid sources used by researchers to gather information. My Homework Writers will offer you referencing help on how to cite a lecture or an oral presentation. Not only this but also how to do Harvard referencing in the simplest manner.

 

Format:

Name of lecturer / presenter (Year of lecture / presentation) Title of lecture / presentation (this should be in italics) [Lecture / Presentation] Title of module / degree course (if appropriate) Name of institution or location Date of lecture / presentation (day month)

 

For Example:

Wagner, G. (2006). Structural and functional studies of protein interactions in gene expression.  [Lecture] Imperial College London, 12th December.

 

  • Citing a Conference Proceeding in an Individual Paper

Besides teaching how to Harvard referencing, My Homework Writers will also offer college homework help on how to cite a conference proceeding. It is very essential to acquire referencing help in this sector because some instructors offer conference proceedings as the sole reference materials to be used in their assignments. Although some websites offering help on how to do Harvard referencing may not offer a clear format. My Homework Writers has provided the easiest and most direct format of how to cite such a piece.

 

Format:

Author 1 Last Name, Initials. (Year of publication) Title of conference paper followed by, In: Editor / Organisation (if it is an editor always put (ed.)after the name) Title of conference proceeding (this should be in italics) Place of publication, Publisher, Page numbers. (use ‘p.’ before a single page number and ‘pp.’ where there are multiple pages)

 

For Example:

Wittke, M. (2006) Design, construction, supervision and long-term behavior of tunnels in swelling rock. In: Van Cotthem, A., Charlier, R., Thimus, J.-F., and Tshibangu, J.-P. (eds.) Eurock 2006: Multiphysics coupling and long term behavior in rock mechanics: Proceedings of the International Symposium of the International Society for Rock Mechanics, EUROCK 2006, 9-12 May 2006, Liège, Belgium. London, Taylor & Francis. pp. 211-216.

 

  • Citing an Electronic/Online Book

E-books are also becoming very popular due to the technology advancements. Thus, students are utilizing them to gather content for their assignments. Despite offering a guide on how to do Harvard referencing, My Homework Writers will also provide the format of referencing an electronic or online book. Do not worry. It is as simple as learning how to do the Harvard referencing.

 

Format:

Author / Editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)(Year of publication) Title of the online book (this should be in italics) Edition (if not the first edition) [Online] Place of publication, (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named) Publisher. Available from: URL[Date of access].

how to do Harvard referencing

For Example:

Simons, N. E., Menzies, B. & Matthews, M. (2001) A Short Course in Soil and Rock Slope Engineering. [Online] London, Thomas Telford Publishing. Available from: http://www.myilibrary.com?ID=93941 [Accessed 18th June 2008].

 

  • Citing a Chapter in an Edited Book

In some occurrences, instructors offer various chapters from edited books as source materials to be used in particular assignments. Not all students are conversant with how to do Harvard referencing. More so not all of them know how to cite a chapter in the edited book. Due to this, My Homework Writers will offer the format of how to cite a chapter in an edited book.

 

Format:

Author of the chapter (Year of publication) Title of chapter followed by In: Editor (always put

(ed.) after the name) Title of the chapter (this should be in italics) Series title and number, (if part of a series) Edition (if not the first edition). Place of publication, (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named) Publisher, Page numbers (use ‘p.’ before a single page number and ‘pp.’ where there are multiple pages)

 

For Example:

Partridge, H. & Hallam, G. (2007) Evidence-based practice and information literacy. In: Lipu, S., Williamson, K. & Lloyd, A. (eds.)Exploring methods in information literacy research. Wagga Wagga, Australia, Centre for Information Studies, pp. 149-170.

 

 

  • Citing a Map

A map is also a reference material. Most students tend to ignore the map because they have no idea on how to cite a map. Not only that, but also because they do not know how to do Harvard Referencing. My Homework Writers will offer you referencing help on how to do Harvard referencing, and also how to cite a map.

how to do Harvard referencing

Format:

Author (usually the organization responsible for publishing the map) (Year of publication) Title (this should be in italics) Scale Series title and number, (if part of a series) Place of publication.

 

For Example:

British Geological Survey (1998) South London, 270. 1: 50 000. London.

 

  • Citing an E-mail

Besides learning how to do Harvard referencing, it is also important to know how to cite an e-mail. My Homework Writers recommends the use of this format:

 

Format:

Last Name. Initials of other names of the Sender. (Year of communication) Email sent to Name of receiver, Date and month of communication.

 

For Example:

Harrison, R. (2009) Email sent to Mimi Weiss Johnson, 10th June.

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